Seminars at the Landau Institute scientific council
Seminars are held on Fridays in the conference hall of Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Chernogolovka, beginning at 11:30.
First principle models of human memory
15 January in 11:30
Prof. Michail Tsodyks (Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot; and Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton)
Human memory is a multi-staged phenomenon of extreme complexity, which results in highly unpredictable behavior in real-life situations. Psychologists developed classical paradigms for studying memory in the lab, which produce easily quantifiable measures of performance at the cost of using artificial content, such as lists of randomly assembled words. I will introduce a set of simple mathematical models describing how information is maintained and recalled in these experiments. Surprisingly, they provide a very good description of experimental data obtained with internet-based memory experiments on a large number of human subjects. Moreover, more detailed mathematical analysis of the models leads to some interesting ideas for future experiments with potentially very surprising results.
The hydrodynamics of many-body integrable systems
19 March in 11:30
Benjamin Doyon (King's College London)
Hydrodynamics is a powerful theory for the emergent behaviour at large wavelengths and low frequencies in many-body systems. The theory says that only few degrees of freedom are sufficient in order to describe what is observed at large scales of space and time, and it provides equations for the dynamics of these degrees of freedom. It is strongly based on the presence of microscopic conservation laws in the many-body model, such as conservation of energy, momentum and mass. But the standard equations of hydrodynamics fail to describe cold atom experiments in low dimensions. It is now understood that this is because the model accurately describing these experiments, the Lieb-Liniger model, is integrable. Integrable systems admit an extensive number of conservation laws, which must be taken into account in the emergent hydrodynamic theory. Recently this hydrodynamic theory, dubbed ``generalised hydrodynamics”, has been developed. In this colloquium, I will review fundamental aspects of hydrodynamics and the main idea and equations of generalised hydrodynamics, with the simple example of the quantum Lieb-Liniger model. I will discuss recent cold-atom experiments that confirm the theory, and some of the exact results that can be obtained with this formalism, such as exact nonequilibrium steady states and exact asymptotic of correlation functions at large space-time separations in Gibbs and generalised Gibbs states.
On matrix Painlev\'e II equations
26 March in 11:30 (short)
V.E. Adler, V.V. Sokolov
The Painlev\'e--Kovalevskaya test is applied to find three matrix versions of the Painlev\'e II equation. All these equations are interpreted as group-invariant reductions of integrable matrix evolution equations, which makes it possible to construct isomonodromic Lax pairs for them.