Russian Academy of Sciences

Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics

In Print

Parallel SPH modeling using dynamic domain decomposition and load balancing displacement of Voronoi subdomains

14 June in 11:30

Maria S. Egorova, Sergey A. Dyachkov, Anatoliy N. Parshikov, Vasily V. Zhakhovsky

A highly adaptive load balancing algorithm for parallel simulations using particle methods, such as molecular dynamics and smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH), is developed. Our algorithm is based on the dynamic spatial decomposition of simulated material samples between Voronoi subdomains, where each subdomain with all its particles is handled by a single computational process which is typically run on a single CPU core of a multiprocessor computing cluster. The algorithm displaces the positions of neighbor Voronoi subdomains in accordance with the local load imbalance between the corresponding processes. It results in particle transfers from heavy-loaded processes to less-loaded ones. Iteration of the algorithm puts into alignment the processor loads. Convergence to a well-balanced decomposition from imbalanced one is improved by the usage of multi-body terms in the balancing displacements. The high adaptability of the balancing algorithm to simulation conditions is illustrated by SPH modeling of the dynamic behavior of materials under extreme conditions, which are characterized by large pressure and velocity gradients, as a result of which the spatial distribution of particles varies greatly in time. The higher parallel efficiency of our algorithm in such conditions is demonstrated by comparison with the corresponding static decomposition of the computational domain. Our algorithm shows almost perfect strong scalability in tests using from tens to several thousand processes.
Publications: arXiv:1805.05128v2 [physics.comp-ph] ; Computer Physics Communications, Volume 234, January 2019, Pages 112-125

Termal’nyi effekt Kholla kak topologicheskii invaraint

7 June in 11:30

Lev Spodyneiko

We show that derivatives of thermal Hall conductance of a 2d lattice quantum system with respect to parameters of the Hamiltonian are well-defined bulk quantities provided correlators of local observables are short-range. This is despite the fact that thermal Hall conductance itself has no meaning as a bulk transport coefficient. We use this to define a relative topological invariant for gapped 2d lattice quantum systems at zero temperature. Up to a numerical factor, it can be identified with the difference of chiral central charges for the corresponding edge modes. This establishes bulk-boundary correspondence for the chiral central charge. We also show that for Local Commuting Projector Hamiltonians relative thermal Hall conductance vanishes identically, while for free fermionic systems it is related to the electric Hall conductance via the Wiedemann-Franz law.

Dissipative and Hall viscosity of a disordered 2D electron gas

7 June in 11:30

I.S. Burmistrov

Hydrodynamic charge transport is at the center of recent research efforts. Of particular interest is the nondissipative Hall viscosity, which conveys topological information in clean gapped systems. The prevalence of disorder in the real world calls for a study of its effect on viscosity. Here we address this question, both analytically and numerically, in the context of a disordered noninteracting 2D electrons. Analytically, we employ the self-consistent Born approximation, explicitly taking into account the modification of the single-particle density of states and the elastic transport time due to the Landau quantization. The reported results interpolate smoothly between the limiting cases of weak (strong) magnetic field and strong (weak) disorder. In the regime of weak magnetic field our results describes the quantum (Shubnikov-de Haas type) oscillations of the dissipative and Hall viscosity. For strong magnetic fields we characterize the effects of the disorder-induced broadening of the Landau levels on the viscosity coefficients. This is supplemented by numerical calculations for a few filled Landau levels. Our results show that the Hall viscosity is surprisingly robust to disorder.

Formation and decay of eddy currents generated by crossed surface waves

31 May in 11:30

Parfenyev V.M., Filatov S.V., Brazhnikov M.Yu., Vergeles S.S., Levchenko A.A.

The mass-transport induced by crossed surface waves consists of the Stokes and Euler contributions which are very different in nature. The first contribution is a generalization of Stokes drift for a plane wave in ideal fluid and the second contribution arises due to the fluid viscosity and it is excited by a force applied in the viscous sublayer near the fluid surface. We study the formation and decay of the induced mass-transport theoretically and experimentally and demonstrate that both contributions have different time scales for typical experimental conditions. The evolution of the Euler contribution is described by a diffusion equation, where the fluid kinematic viscosity plays the role of the diffusion coefficient, while the Stokes contribution evolves faster, feeling the additional damping near the system boundaries. The difference becomes more pronounced if the fluid surface is contaminated. We model the effect of contamination by a thin insoluble liquid film presented on the fluid surface with the compression modulus being the only non-zero rheological parameter of the film. Then the Euler contribution into the mass-transport becomes parametrically larger and the evolution of the Stokes contribution becomes parametrically faster. The parameter is the same in both cases and it is equal to the quality factor of surfaces waves, which is modified by the presence of a surface film. We infer the value of the compression modulus of the film by fitting the results of transient measurements of eddy currents and demonstrate that the obtained value leads to the correct ratio of amplitudes of horizontal and vertical velocities of the wave motion and is in reasonable agreement with the measured dissipation rate of surface waves.

Bernoulli Experiment under Restart

31 May in 11:30

S. Belan

It is known that restart of the stochastic process can significantly reduce the expected time required to its completion. This effect is widely implemented to speed up the randomized search algorithms and can potentially be used to increase the rate of chemical reactions. However, complex stochastic processes often exhibit several possible scenarios of completion which are not equally desirable in terms of efficiency. In this talk I will discuss how restart affects the splitting probabilities of a Bernoulli-like stochastic process, i.e., of a process which can end with one of two outcomes. Special attention will be paid to the class of problems, where a carefully tuned restart rate maximizes the chances to obtain the desired outcome. Importantly, the analysis revealed universality displayed by the optimally restarted processes.

Spetsial’naya Kelerova geometriya i teorii Landau-Ginzburga

17 May in 11:30

Konstantin Aleshkin

Doklad po teme predstavlyaemoi k zashchite kandidatskoi dissertatsii.

Aspects of quarkonium propagation in a thermal medium as seen by string models

17 May in 11:30 (short)

Oleg Andreev

We use gauge/string duality to model a heavy quark-antiquark pair in a color singlet moving through a thermal plasma. In particular, we explore the effect of velocity on the string tension and Debye screening mass. Then we apply the results to the analysis of heavy quarkonium bound states. With some assumptions, we estimate the characteristic size of quarkonium and its dissociation temperature.