Russian Academy of Sciences

Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics

In Print

Realizatsiya fermionnykh modelei v sistemakh kholodnykh atomov

19 April in 11:30

S. I. Matveenko

Pokazano, chto topologicheskoe sverkhtekuchee sostoyanie s p-sparivaniem (p_x + i p_y) mozhet byt’ realizovano v dvumernoi opticheskoi reshetke fermionnykh polyarnykh molekul. Dlya sistem s odnosloinoi i dvukhsloinoi geometriei vychislennye temperatury fazovykh perekhodov v sverkhtekuchee sostoyanie okazalis’ eksperimental’no dostizhimymi, poryadka desyatkov nanokel’vinov. [A.K. Fedorov, S.I. Matveenko, V. I. Yudson, G.V. Shlyapnikov , "Novel p-wave superfluids of fermionic polar molecules", Sci. Rep. 6, 27448; (2016).]
Issledovana chislenno i analiticheski fazovaya diagramma dvusloinoi sistemy fermionnykh polyarnykh molekul s disbalansom molekulyarnykh plotnostei v sloyakh. Dlya disbalansa (effektivnogo magnitnogo polya), prevyshayushchego kriticheskoe znachenie, sistema perekhodit pri dostatochno nizkikh temperaturakh iz sostoyaniya odnorodnoi sverkhtekuchei zhidkosti v sostoyaniya Larkina-Ovchinnikova-Ful’de-Ferrella s periodicheskoi strukturoi parametra poryadka. V otlichie ot sluchaya kontaktnogo vzaimodeistviya s singletnym sparivaniem, dipol’-dipol’noe vzaimodeistvie generiruet nenulevuyu tripletnuyu sostavlyayushchuyu parametra poryadka. [Hao Lee, S. I. Matveenko, Daw-Wei Wang, G. V. Shlyapnikov, "Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state in bilayer dipolar systems", Phys.Rev. A, 96, 061602(R) (2017)].
Issledovana odnomernoi model’ dvukhkomponentnogo fermionnogo gaza s sil’nym kontaktnym ottalkivaniem chastits s protivopolozhnym spinom i nelokal’nym prityazheniem fermionov s odinakovym spinom. Model’ mozhet byt’ eksperimental’no realizovana v sisteme kholodnykh atomov. Pri etom parametry vzaimodeistviya mogut izmenyat’sya v shirokom diapazone s pomoshch’yu vneshnego magnitnogo polya. Ispol’zuya metody bozonizatsii i renormgruppy, naideno osnovnoe sostoyanie sistemy v zavisimosti ot parametrov vzaimodeistviya. Pokazano, chto pri kriticheskom znachenii nelokal’nogo vzaimodeistviya proiskhodit fazovyi perekhod pervogo roda v sostoyanie s nenulevoi namagnichennost’yu. [D. V. Kurlov, S. I. Matveenko, V. Gritsev, G. V. Shlyapnikov, "One-dimensional two-component fermions with contact even-wave repulsion and SU(2) breaking near-resonant odd-wave attraction", Phys. Rev. A, (prinyata v pechat’)].

Some exact solutions of the Volterra lattice

19 April in 11:30

V.E. Adler, A.B. Shabat

We study solutions of the Volterra lattice satisfying the stationary equation for its non-autonomous symmetry. It is shown that the dynamics in $t$ and $n$ are governed by the continuous and discrete Painlev\'e equations, respectively. The class of initial data leading to regular solutions is described. For the lattice on the half-line, these solutions are expressed in terms of the confluent hypergeometric function. The Hankel transform of the coefficients of the corresponding Taylor series is computed on the basis of the Wronskian representation of the solution.

CDD factors in integrable models perturbed by the current-current operators

29 March in 11:30

M. Lashkevich, Y. Pugai

F. Smirnov and A. Zamolodchikov in the paper published in 2016 showed that a special class of irrelevant perturbations (current-current perturbations) in integrable models of quantum field theory leads to appearance of CDD factors in the scattering matrices, i.e. scalar factors corresponding to non-uniqueness of solution to the Yang-Baxter equation for S matrices. They considered the sine-Gordon model and analogous models that only contain odd-spin integrals of motion. We find CDD factors (in the first order in the perturbation theory) for the current-current perturbations on the example of models that contain even-spin integrals of motion as well, the complex sinh-Gordon model and the scaling Z_N symmetric Ising model. Thus we generalize the Smirnov-Zamolodchikov formula to the case of several particles with diagonal scattering. We also obtain the CDD factors for Lorentz non-invariant perturbations of this type. Technically we use the representation by free fields for form factors, developed by us earlier.

Sud’ba oskolkov obrazovaniya Luny: geofizicheskie sledstviya Gigantskogo stolknoveniya

29 March in 11:30

A.V. Byalko, M.I. Kuz’min (Institut geokhimii SO RAN)

Naibolee veroyatnyi stsenarii obrazovaniya Luny daetsya raschetami Gigantskogo stolknoveniya (GS) ProtoZemli s protoplanetoi, po masse, blizkoi Marsu [1, 2]. Iskhodya iz vozrasta zemnykh i lunnykh tsirkonov, GS proizoshlo 4.4—4.5 mlrd. let nazad, na 160—170 mln let pozzhe vzryva Sverkhnovoi, zadavshego izotopnyi sostav Solnechnoi sistemy (SS). Pri GS na beskonechnost’ ukhodyat gazy i silikatnye oskolki s obshchei massoi poryadka 55-70% massy Luny. Odnako beskonechnost’ ubegayushchikh chastits est’ beskonechnost’ v zemnoi sisteme otscheta, v SS eti oskolki vykhodyat na konechnye orbity s periodami kak men’she, tak i bol’she goda. Vazhneishaya osobennost’ ikh orbit v tom, chto vse oni prokhodyat cherez uzkuyu oblast’ zemnoi orbity, gde proiskhodilo GS. Tam formiruetsya gazopylevoi struinyi potok, s zatukhayushchei intensivnost’yu on sushchestvuet menee milliona let. Chislennymi resheniyami zadachi trekh tel rasschitany mnogochislennye traektorii oskolkov. Otseneny veroyatnosti ikh stolknovenii s Zemlei i Lunoi v zavisimosti ot vremeni posle GS, a takzhe popadaniya v treugol’nye tochki Lagranzha L4 i L5. Rassmotreny geofizicheskie sledstviya etikh stolknovenii.

1.Canup R.M. & Asphaug E. Origin of the Moon in a giant impact near the end of the Earth's formation, Nature, 412, 208–212 (2001).
2.Canup R.M. Simulations of a late lunar-forming impact, Icarus 168, 433–456 (2004).

Studies of the Liquid Crystal Surface Anchoring Potential using Grandjean-Cano Wedge

22 March in 11:30 (short)

V.A. Belyakov

We extend further the theoretical and experimental studies of the actual surface anchoring potential restoration by polarization microscope technique and using micro-images in a wedge-shaped cell with weak surface anchoring forces filled by a chiral nematic liquid crystal (in Grandjean-Cano Wedge). To realize the theoretically predicted options of observation of large director deviation angles from the easy axes the experimental studies of director distribution in Grandjean-Cano zones were performed for differing easy axes orientations at the wedge surfaces in white light. A weak surface anchoring at one wedge surface was obtained by a photo-alignment technique. A strong surface anchoring at the second wedge surface was obtained by a rubbing. There were observed for the first time jump-less walls (without jumps of the director orientation) between neighboring Grandjean-Cano zones and jumps in color in the Newton's rings (lines) at the positions of the walls between Grandjean-Cano zones. Qualitative explanations of the both phenomena are presented and an expression for the jump in color value in the Newton's rings (lines) at the positions of the walls between Grandjean-Cano zones is presented. Some experimentally found by the polarization microscope and by the micro-photo technique images demonstrate jump-less walls between the first Grandjean-Cano zones. To ensure optimal parameters of the further experiments on the actual surface anchoring potential restoration theoretical calculations of the director distribution in individual Grandjean-Cano zones were performed for various model surface anchoring potentials. It was found that especially promising for description of the experimentally found director distribution looks the modified D-potential. As a result of the present studies the ways to enlarge (compared to the previous studies) angular range of the actual surface anchoring potential restoration were proposed.
(The presentation is based at the following papers: V.A. Belyakov, D.V. Shmeliova, S.V. Semenov, On the way of reconstruction of the liquid crystal surface anchoring potential Journal of Molecular Liquids 267, 151–157 (2018), С. В. Семенов, В. А. Беляков, ПОВЕРХНОСТНОЕ СЦЕПЛЕНИЕ И РАСПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ ДИРЕКТОРА В КЛИНЕ ГРАНЖАНА–КАНО, ЖЭТФ, 2018, том 153, вып. 5, стр. 838–844 ( 2018), V.A.Belyakov , D.V.Shmeliova, and S.V. Semenov, Studies of the Liquid Crystal Surface Anchoring Potential using Grandjean-Cano Wedge, LIQUID CRYSTALS (Published online: https://doi.org/10.1080/02678292.2018.1546412).

Obshchie osobennosti uglovykh diagramm provodimosti metallov v sil’nykh magnitnykh polyakh i slozhnost’ uglovykh diagrammakh magnitoprovodimosti v sil’nykh magnitnykh polyakh

22 March in 11:30

A.Ya. Maltsev

My rassmotrim samye obshchie osobennosti uglovykh diagramm provodimosti v normal’nykh metallakh so slozhnymi poverkhnostyami Fermi v prisutstvii sil’nykh magnitnykh polei. Opisanie takikh osobennostei budet osnovano na topologicheskom opisanii dinamicheskoi sistemy, voznikayushchei dlya evolyutsii elektronnykh sostoyanii na poverkhnosti Fermi v prisutstvii vneshnego magnitnogo polya. My rassmotrim uglovye diagrammy provodimosti dlya normal’nykh (monokristallicheskikh) metallov so slozhnymi poverkhnostyami Fermi v prisutstvii sil’nykh magnitnykh polei. Povedenie provodimosti v etom sluchae sil’no zavisit ot napravleniya magnitnogo polya i ustoichivye netrivial’nye rezhimy takogo povedeniya sootvetstvuyut pri etom spetsial’nym zonam ustoichivosti na uglovoi diagramme, otvechayushchim opredelennym (topologicheskim) svoistvam tenzora provodimosti. Kak my pokazhem, v obshchem sluchae mozhno razdelit’ takie diagrammy na dva obshchikh tipa, prostye (tip A) i slozhnye (tip B). Nas budut interesovat’ pri etom diagrammy vtorogo tipa, obladayushchie ryadom spetsificheskikh osobennostei (beskonechnoe chislo zon ustoichivosti, nalichie khaoticheskikh rezhimov i t.p.), kotorye my rassmotrim bolee podrobno. Po rezul’tatam rabot: ZhETF, t. 151, vyp. 5, 944-973 (2017); ZhETF, t. 152, vyp. 5(11), 1053-1064 (2017) , ZhETF, 154(6), 1183-1210 (2018)

Ergodic properties of dynamic systems on two-dimensional surfaces and electron transport phenomena in normal metals

22 March in 11:30 (short)

A.Ya. Maltsev, S.P. Novikov

V doklade obsuzhdaetsya svyaz’ spetsial’nykh kharakteristik dinamicheskikh sistem na poverkhnostyakh (indeksov Zoricha - Kontsevicha - Forni) s povedeniem provodimosti v metallakh v sil’nykh magnitnykh polyakh. Dannoe rassmotrenie yavlyaetsya vazhnym v sluchae vozniknoveniya naibolee slozhnykh (khaoticheskikh) elektronnykh traektorii na poverkhnosti Fermi, vozmozhnom dlya dostatochno slozhnykh poverkhnostei i spetsial’nykh napravlenii magnitnogo polya. Kak mozhno pokazat’, upomyanutye kharakteristiki imeyut neposredstvennoe otnoshenie k povedeniyu magnitoprovodimosti, takim obrazom, mozhno v printsipe govorit’ o vozmozhnosti ikh eksperimental’nogo opredeleniya v sootvetstvuyushchikh sluchayakh. Po rezul’tatam raboty: Trudy MIAN, tom 302, (2018) str. 296–315

SYK model with quadratic perturbations: the route to a non-Fermi-liquid

15 March in 11:30

A.V. Lunkin, K.S. Tikhonov, M.V. Feigel’man

Model’ SYK (Sachedev-Ye-Kitaev) opisyvaet sistemu sluchaino vzaimodeistvuyushchikh maioranovskikh fermionov bez kvadratichnykh chlenov v gamil’toniane. V predele bol’shogo chisla fermionov (N) i nizkikh temperaturakh (T « J, gde J - kharakternyi masshtab vzaimodeistviya) funktsiya Grina modeli, v sedlovom priblizhenii, imeet ne fermi-zhidkostnoe povedenie G(t) ~ t^(-1/2). Odnako, sedlovye uravneniya obladayut vysokoi simmetriei i dopuskayut zamenu t na proizvol’nuyu monotonnuyu funktsiyu f(t). Takoe reshenie imeet tol’ko SL(2,R) simmetriyu. Ponizhenie simmetrii ot polnoi gruppy reparametrizatsii do SL(2,R) privodit k sushchestovaniyu myagkoi mody, kotoraya stanovitsya sushchestvenna pri NT « J . Funktsiya Grina na samykh bol’shikh vremenakh menyaet svoyu asimptotiku na G(t) ~ t^(-3/2).
V nashei rabote my issleduem vliyanie kvadratichnogo vozmushcheniya na eto povedenie. Naivnoe rassmotrenie sedlovykh uravnenie pokazyvaet, chto na bol’shikh vremenakh fermi-zhidkostnoe povedenie dolzhno vosstanavlivat’sya. Odnako, voznikaet vopros: chto, proizoidyot esli eti vremena budut stol’ bol’shimi, chto nuzhno uchityvat’ fluktuatsii myagkoi mody? Rassmatrivaya vtoroi poryadok teorii vozmushcheniya my pokazyvaem, chto sushchestvuet nenulevoi interval amplitud vozmushchenii, kogda povedenie funktsii Grina ne menyaetsya, sokhranyaya asimptotiku G(t) ~ t^(-3/2). Eto pozvolyaet nadeyat’sya na ispol’zovanie modeli SYK dlya postroeniya kontroliruemoi teorii ne-fermizhidkostnogo povedeniya sil’no vzaimodeistvuyushchikh fermionov.

Boundary layer of elastic turbulence

15 March in 11:30 (short)

S. Belan, A. Chernykh, V. Lebedev

We consider the near-wall region in elastic turbulence of a dilute polymer solution in the limit of large Weissenberg number. As it was established experimentally, elastic turbulence possesses a boundary layer where the fluid velocity field can be approximated by a steady shear flow with relatively small fluctuations on the top of it. We examine analytically and numerically statistics of the polymer conformation in the boundary layer. An estimate for the ratio of the mean flow to the magnitude of flow fluctuations is obtained. This ratio is determined by the polymer concentration, the radius of gyration of polymers and their length in the fully extended state. The results of our asymptotic analysis reproduce the qualitative features of elastic turbulence at finite Weissenberg numbers.

XXXIV International Conference on Interaction of Intense Energy Fluxes with Matter, Elbrus-2019

15 March in 11:30 (short)

V.A. Khokhlov

Otchet ob uchastii v XXXIV Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii po vzaimodeistviyu intensivnykh potokov energii s veshchestvom El’brus-2019

Physical processes during laser ablation into a liquid and during laser shock-wave pinning

15 March in 11:30 (short)

V.A. Khokhlov, N.A. Inogamov, V.V. Zhakhovsky,Yu.V. Petrov, S.I.Anisomov

The most important modern laser technologies include (1) the generation of colloid nanoparticles (NPs), laser ablation into a liquid (LAL—laser ablation in liquid) and (2) surface hardening of products by laser pinning (LSP—laser shock peening). Significantly, with laser pinning, the surface to be treated is washed with water. Therefore, the physics of processes during ablation into a liquid and during pinning is common. True, the accents are different. If the ablation in the liquid actually forget about the shock wave (SW) generated by the impact, and leaving the thickness of the target, in the problem with pinning, on the contrary, the main question is about the impact. In addition, the role of water in (1) and (2) is different. In (1) fluid contributes to the formation of NPs and adopts NPs, gently slowing them. Whereas in (2) water is needed to enhance the recoil and increase the amplitude of the hydrocarbon in the product. The complete picture, developed in the work, of course, should include both edges: and the formation of ejection into the liquid as a result of ablation—i.e. (1), observation of the SW wave from the nucleation stage to its attenuation in the product volume, i.e. (2).

Non-ergodic phase of the Quantum Random Energy Model

1 March in 11:30

L. Faoro, M. Feigel'man, L. Ioffe

Pokazano, chto fazovaya diagramma odnoi iz prosteishikh modelei kvantovogo spinovogo stekla – kvantovogo obobshcheniya modeli Derridy sluchainykh urovnei energii – obladaet neergodicheskoi delokalizovannoi fazoi s vremenem relaksatsii, eksponentsial’no dlinnym po chislu spinov n. Kak vremya relaksatsii, tak i ob’em Gil’bertova prostranstva, zanimaemyi mnogochastichnoi volnovoi funktsiei, yavlyayutsya stepennymi funktsiyami polnoi razmernosti Gil’bertova prostranstva N = 2^n. Oba eti pokazateli stepeni naideny v ramkakh priblizhennoi analiticheskoi teorii, poluchennye dlya nikh otvety neplokho soglasuyutsya s rezul’tatami pryamoi chislennoi diagonalizatsii. Poluchennye rezul’taty mogut byt’ polezny dlya fizicheskoi realizatsii kvantovogo simulyatora dlya resheniya zadach algoritmicheskoi optimizatsii tipa number partitioning.

Izuchenie sosushchestvovaniya faz v plenkakh smektikov v okrestnosti TKT dlya perekhoda geksatik - smektik A.

1 March in 11:30

V.V. Lebedev, E.S. Pikina , E.I. Kats

V rezul’tate teoreticheskogo analiza eksperimental’nykh dannykh po rasseyaniyu rentgenovkikh luchei na tonkikh svobodno podveshennykh plenkakh (SPP) zhidkogo kristalla 54COOBC vblizi fazovogo perekhoda smektik-A – geksatik ustanovleno, chto perekhod proiskhodit pervym rodom i vyyavlen temperaturnyi interval sosushchestvovaniya ukazannykh faz, kotoryi umen’shaetsya s umen’sheniem tolshchiny plenki. Eksperimental’nye dannye ob’yasnyayutsya blizost’yu sistemy k trikriticheskoi tochke (TKT). V ramkakh fenomenologicheskoi teorii fazovykh perekhodov Landau s vklyucheniem v rassmotrenie poverkhnostnykh effektov opredelena zavisimost’ shiriny dvukhfaznoi oblasti ot tolshchiny SPP v okrestnosti TKT. Analiticheskie raschety khorosho soglasuyutsya s rezul’tatami eksperimenta, i podtverzhdayut anomal’no glubokoe proniknovenie geksaticheskogo uporyadocheniya v SPP vblizi TKT. Zavisimost’ temperaturnogo intervala sosushchestvovaniya faz ot tolshchiny plenki svyazana s bol’shoi dlinoi korrelyatsii geksaticheskogo parametra poryadka. Poluchennye rezul’taty demonstriruyut unikal’nuyu vozmozhnost’ priblizheniya k trikriticheskoi tochke na linii fazovykh perekhodov smektik A - geksatik za schet izmeneniya tolshchiny plenki. Predlozhennyi podkhod mozhet byt’ primenen k shirokomu klassu sistem, obladayushchikh TKT.
Doklad osnovan na rabote: Evidence of a first-order smectic – hexatic transition and its proximity to tricritical point in smectic films., I.A. Zaluzhnyy, R.P. Kurta, N. Mukharamova, Y.Y. Kim, R.M. Khubbutdinov, D. Dzhigaev, V.V. Lebedev, E.S. Pikina, E.I. Kats, N.A. Clark, M. Sprung, B.I. Ostrovskii, I.A. Vartanyants, Phys. Rev. E, v. 98, p. 052703 (2018)

Laser technologies: science and applications

15 February in 11:30

N.A. Inogamov

In the first part of report the combined action of laser and plasmonic electromagnetic fields which dissipate in a metal film is considered. Fast dissipation of energy of light causes mechanical response moving a film. Motion and subsequent fast re-crystallization result in formation of surface micro-structures used for holographic purposes [1,2]. In the second part the physics of laser fragmentation of a liquid tin micro-droplet is analyzed. This is important for development of next generation of photo-lithography machines [3]. In the third part the indirect monitoring shot-to-shot shock waves strength reproducibility during the pump-probe experiments is studied [4]. The calibrated laser source is used after this checking for generation of shocks; goals for employing of these shocks are described in Albertazzi et al., Science Advances, 3(6), e1602705 (2017). [1] J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 1092, 012051 (2018) [2] J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 1092, 012052 (2018) [3] Phys. Rev. Applied 10, 064009 (2018) [4] J. Appl. Phys. 120, 035901 (2016)

Shock generation by laser and impact initiation of burning

15 February in 11:30

N.A. Inogamov

Generation of shocks by an ultrashort laser pulse is considered. Elastic-plastic response and polymorphic alpha-epsilon transition in iron are analyzed [1,2]. Initiation of initial stages of burning of high explosives by slow impact is studied [3]. Burning is caused by dissipative heating during plastic deformations.
[1] S.I. Ashitkov, V.V. Zhakhovsky, N.A. Inogamov, P.S. Komarov, M.B.Agranat, and G.I.Kanel, The behavior of iron under ultrafast shock loading driven by a femtosecond laser, AIP Conf. Proc. 1793, 100035 (2017) [2] V.V. Zhakhovsky, K.P. Migdal, N.A. Inogamov, S.I. Anisimov, MD simulation of steady shock-wave fronts with phase transition in single-crystal iron, AIP Conf. Proc. 1793, 070003 (2017) [3] D. Ilnitsky, N. Inogamov, V. Zhakhovsky, Response of explosive HMX to low-velocity impact: Modeling by the crystal plasticity finite element method, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 941, 012052 (2018)

Three-dimensional numerical simulation of long-lived quantum vortex knots and links in a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate

8 February in 11:30 (short)

V.P. Ruban

Dynamics of simplest vortex knots, unknots, and links of torus type inside an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate in anisotropic harmonic trap at zero temperature has been numerically simulated using three-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The lifetime for such quasi-stationary rotating vortex structures has been found quite long in wide parametric domains of the system. This result is in qualitative agreement with a previous prediction based on a simplified one-dimensional model approximately describing dynamics of vortex filaments.

CALCULATION OF THE DISCRETE SPECTRUM OF SOME TWO-DIMENSIONAL SCHR¨ODINGER EQUATIONS WITH A MAGNETIC FIELD

8 February in 11:30

V.G. Marikhin, A.V. Marikhina

One of us previously obtained and integrated the first examples of two-dimensional Schr¨odinger equations with a magnetic field belonging to the class of quasi–exactly solvable problems. It was shown that the wave functions are expressed in terms of degenerations of the Heun function: biconfluent and confluent Heun functions. Algebraic conditions were also found that determine the discrete spectrum and wave functions. Our goal here is to solve these algebraic equations numerically. In some cases, we can find an analytic approximation of the discrete spectrum.

Hermite quasi-polynomials

8 February in 11:30 (short)

V.G. Marikhin

The Hermite quasi-polynomials are obtained (the square root of the weight coincides with the Hermite one). The corresponding spectral problem with singularity at zero is constructed. The space to which belong the eigenfunctions of the above-mentioned spectral problem is constructed. The kind of this space solves the paradox with singularity.

Perkolyatsiya i dzhamming obraztsov sluchainoi posledovatel’noi adsorbtsii dlinnykh k-merov na kvadratnoi reshetke

8 February in 11:30 (short)

L.Yu. Barash

Pri pomoshchi komp’yuternogo modelirovaniya izuchayutsya perkolyatsionnyi perekhod i sostoyanie dzhamminga v modeli izotropnoi sluchainoi posledovatel’noi adsorbtsii. Razrabotan parallel’nyi algoritm, kotoryi ochen’ effektiven s tochki zreniya ego skorosti i ispol’zovaniya pamyati, i primenen k modeli sluchainoi posledovatel’noi adsorbtsii dlinnykh k-merov na kvadratnoi reshetke s periodicheskimi granichnymi usloviyami. Vychisleny porogovye plotnosti perkolyatsii i dzhamminga dlya dlin k-merov vplot’ do 131072. Ranee v literature takie vychisleniya provodilis’ tol’ko dlya k ≤ 512. Naiden rezhim povedeniya perkolyatsionnoi plotnosti dlya bol’shikh dlin chastits. Proanalizirovana struktura perkolyatsionnogo i dzhammingovogo sostoyanii. Teoreticheskie rezul’taty raboty [G. Kondrat et al., Phys. Rev. E 022154, 2017] obobshcheny na sluchai periodicheskikh granichnykh uslovii. Dokazano, chto lyuboi klaster v sostoyanii dzhamminga yavlyaetsya perkolyatsionnym klasterom, i chto perkolyatsiya voznikaet do dzhamminga.
Soobshchenie po rezul’tatam raboty M.G. Slutskii, L.Yu. Barash, Yu.Yu. Tarasevich, Percolation and jamming of random sequential adsorption samples of large linear k-mers on a square lattice, Phys. Rev. E 98, 062130 (2018).

On complex angular diagrams of magnetic conductivity in strong magnetic fields

1 February in 11:30 (short)

A.Ya. Maltsev

We consider angular conductivity diagrams for normal (single-crystal) metals with complex Fermi surfaces in the presence of strong magnetic fields. The behavior of conductivity in this case strongly depends on the direction of the magnetic field and the stable nontrivial regimes of this behavior correspond to special zones of stability on the angular diagram corresponding to certain (topological) properties of the conductivity tensor. As we show, in the general case such diagrams can be divided into two general types, simple (type A) and complex (type B). We will be interested in the diagrams of the second type, which have a number of specific features (an infinite number of stability zones, the presence of chaotic regimes, etc.), which we will consider in more detail.

Obshchie osobennosti uglovykh diagramm provodimosti metallov v sil’nykh magnitnykh polyakh.

1 February in 11:30 (short)

A.Ya. Mal’tsev

My rassmotrim samye obshchie osobennosti uglovykh diagramm provodimosti v normal’nykh metallakh so slozhnymi poverkhnostyami Fermi v prisutstvii sil’nykh magnitnykh polei. Opisanie takikh osobennostei budet osnovano na topologicheskom opisanii dinamicheskoi sistemy, voznikayushchei dlya evolyutsii elektronnykh sostoyanii na poverkhnosti Fermi v prisutstvii vneshnego magnitnogo polya.
Po rezul’tatam rabot: ZhETF, t. 151, vyp. 5, 944-973 (2017); ZhETF, t. 152, vyp. 5(11), 1053-1064 (2017)

JKLMR conjecture and Batyrev construction

1 February in 11:30

A. Belavin, A. Aleshkin, A. Litvinov

JKLMR gipoteza predpolagaet svyaz’ mezhdu tochnoi vychislennoi statsummoi nekotoroi Kalibrovochnoi supersimmetrichnoi Sigma-model’yu Vittena i Geometriei na prostranstve polei effektivnoi teorii polya, voznikayushchei v teorii Superstrun, kompaktifitsirovannoi na mnogoobrazie Kalabi-Yao. Ya rasskazhu o tom, kak ispol’zuya dual’nost’ mezhdu mnogrannikami Batyreva, ustanovit’ vysheukazannoe sootvetstvie tochno.
arXiv:1812.00478, submitted to Journal Statistical Physics

Ergodicheskie svoistva dinamicheskikh sistem na dvumernykh poverkhnostyakh i elektronnye transportnye yavleniya v normal’nykh metallakh

1 February in 11:30 (short)

A.Ya. Mal’tsev, S.P. Novikov

V doklade obsuzhdaetsya svyaz’ spetsial’nykh kharakteristik dinamicheskikh sistem na poverkhnostyakh (indeksov Zoricha - Kontsevicha - Forni) s povedeniem provodimosti v metallakh v sil’nykh magnitnykh polyakh. Dannoe rassmotrenie yavlyaetsya vazhnym v sluchae vozniknoveniya naibolee slozhnykh (khaoticheskikh) elektronnykh traektorii na poverkhnosti Fermi, vozmozhnom dlya dostatochno slozhnykh poverkhnostei i spetsial’nykh napravlenii magnitnogo polya. Kak mozhno pokazat’, upomyanutye kharakteristiki imeyut neposredstvennoe otnoshenie k povedeniyu magnitoprovodimosti, takim obrazom, mozhno v printsipe govorit’ o vozmozhnosti ikh eksperimental’nogo opredeleniya v sootvetstvuyushchikh sluchayakh.

1 February in 11:30


Pretsessiya spina zaryazhennoi chastitsy s MDM i EDM v gravitatsionnom pole Zemli

25 January in 11:30 (short)

S.N. Vergeles, N.N. Nikolaev

Vychislena uglovaya skorost’ pretsessii spina zaryazhennoi chastitsy s MDM i EDM v gravitatsionnom pole Zemli s uchyotom sutochnogo vrashcheniya. Khotya bol’shaya chast’ rezul’tata yavlyaetsya klassicheskoi i khorosho izvestnoi, vklad v pretsessiyu ot sutochnogo vrashcheniya do sikh por yavlyaetsya diskussionnym. Korrektnyi uchyot etogo vklada predstavlyaetsya neobkhodimym, tak kak eto vliyaet na pravil’nuyu traktovku eksperimentov po pretsessii spina v uskoritelyakh.

Generirovanie effektivnoi fermionnoi vershiny gravitatsionnym instantonom v reshetochnoi teorii gravitatsii

25 January in 11:30 (short)

S.N. Vergeles

Pokazano, chto v reshetochnoi gravitatsii, svyazannoi s fermionami, voznikayut effektivnye fermionnye vershiny. Eti vershiny generiruyutsya gravitatsionnymi instantonami, analogichno tomu kak voznikayut effektivnye fermionnye vershiny v teorii Yanga-Millsa vsledstvie nalichiya fermionnykh nulevykh mod, svyazannykh s instantonami.

Collinear photon emission from the quark-gluon plasma in heavy ion collisions

25 January in 11:30

B.G. Zakharov

Making use the light-cone path integral scheme we develop a formalism for collinear photon emission from the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) that accounts for accurately the Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal effect. In the case of the QGP without magnetic field we reproduce the AMY (Arnold, Moore, Yaffe (2001)) photon spectrum obtained within the thermal field theory. In the first part of the talk we study the role of running coupling and the effect of variation of the thermal quark mass on contribution of the collinear bremsstrahlung and quark-antiquark annihilation to photon emission in AA collisions in a scheme similar to that used in our previous jet quenching analyses. We find that for a scenario with the thermal quark mass about 50-100 MeV contribution of the higher order collinear processes summed with the 2 \to 2 processes can explain a considerable part (about 50%) of the experimental photon spectrum at k_T about 2-3 GeV for Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.2$ TeV. But for quark mass 300 MeV and for the thermal quark mass predicted by the hard thermal loop scheme the theoretical predictions underestimate considerably the experimental spectrum. In the second part of the talk we discuss a generalization of our formalism to the QGP with magnetic field. We then use it to investigate the effect of magnetic field on the photon emission from the QGP created in AA collisions. We find that even for very optimistic assumption on the magnitude of the magnetic field generated in AA collisions its effect on the photon emission rate is practically negligible. For this reason the magnetic field cannot generate a significant azimuthal asymmetry in the photon spectrum as it was suggested in the analysis by Tuchin (K. Tuchin, Phys. Rev. C{\bf 91}, 014902 (2015)).

Recent applications of the light-cone path integral formalism to the radiative effects in $AA$-collisions due to the induced gluon/photon emission in the QCD matter

18 January in 11:30

B.G. Zakharov

In this talk I discuss some recent applications of the light-cone path integral (LCPI) approach to the induced gluon/photon emission in the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) in $AA$-collisions at RHIC-LHC energies. I start with a brief discussion of the basic formulas of the LCPI formalism. Then I present the results for the nuclear modification of the photon-tagged jets in $AA$ collisions within the jet quenching scheme based on the LCPI approach to the induced gluon emission. The calculations are performed for running coupling. Collisional energy loss is treated as a perturbation to the radiative mechanism. We obtain a reasonable agreement with the recent data from the STAR Collaboration on the mid-rapidity nuclear modification factor $I_{AA}$ for Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV for parametrization of running $\alpha_s$ consistent with that necessary for description of the data on suppression of the high-$p_T$ spectra. The main part of the talk will be devoted to the radiative contribution to the jet $p_T$-broadening in the QGP. For the first time the analysis of the radiative $p_T$-broadening of a fast quark in the QGP is performed accounting for the real and virtual two-parton states beyond the soft gluon approximation. It is shown that radiative processes can strongly suppress the radiative $p_T$-broadening in the QCD matter (and even make it negative). This prediction is qualitatively different from the results of previous analyses in th soft gluon approximation in the double logarithmic approximation (B. Wu, JHEP 1110, 029 (2011); T. Liou, A. H. Mueller and B. Wu, Nucl. Phys. A916, 102 (2013); J.-P. Blaizot and Y. Mehtar-Tani, Nucl. Phys. A929, 202 (2014)) predicting that radiative processes should significantly increase $p_T$-broadening. Our prediction is consistent with the recent data of the STAR Collaboration (L. Adamczyk et al., Phys.Rev. C96, 024905 (2017)), which do not show any signal of $p_T$-broadening in Au+Au collisions at the energy 200 GeV. At the end of the talk I discuss the the role of running coupling and the effect of variation of the thermal quark mass on contribution of the collinear bremsstrahlung and annihilation to photon emission in $AA$ collisions in a scheme similar to that used in our previous jet quenching analyses.

Inelastic neutron scattering as a confirmation of a new type of gapped surface excitations in liquid helium

18 January in 11:30 (short)

P.D. Grigoriev, A.D. Grigoriev, A.M. Dyugaev

We analyze the experimental data on inelastic neutron scattering by a thin ~5-atomic-layer film of liquid helium at three different temperatures: T=0.4K, 0.98K and 1.3K. The neutron scattering intensity plots, in addition to the previously know dispersion of phonons and ripplons, suggest a branch of gapped surface excitations with activation energy ~4.5K and the dispersion similar to that expected for surfons -- the bound quantum states of helium atoms above liquid helium surface, proposed and investigated theoretically. These data, probably, provide the first direct experimental confirmation of surfons. Before these surface excitations received only indirect experimental substantiation, based on the temperature dependence of surface tension coefficient and on their interaction with surface electrons. The existence of surfons as an additional type of surface excitations, although being debated yet, is very important for various physical properties of He surface. We also analyze previous numerical results on excitations in liquid helium and argue that surface excitations similar to surfons have been previously obtained by numerical calculations and called resonance interface states.

Linear magnetoresistance in the charge density wave state of quasi-two-dimensional rare-earth tritellurides

18 January in 11:30 (short)

P.D. Grigoriev

The magnetoresistance of a TbTe3 two-dimensional conductor with a charge-density wave (CDW) has been measured in a wide temperature range and in magnetic fields of up to 17 T. At temperatures well below the Peierls transition temperature and in high magnetic fields, the magnetoresistance exhibits a linear dependence on the magnetic field caused by the scattering of normal charge carriers by “hot” spots of the Fermi surface. In the sliding CDW regime in low magnetic fields, a qualitative change in the magnetoresistance has been observed associated with the strong scattering of carriers by the sliding CDW.
[1] A.V. Frolov, A.P. Orlov, P.D. Grigoriev, V.N. Zverev, A.A. Sinchenko, P. Monceau, Magnetoresistance of a Two-Dimensional TbTe3 Conductor in the Sliding Charge-Density Wave Regime, JETP Lett., 107(8), 488-492 (2018)

Dual description of integrable sigma-models

11 January in 11:30

Litvinov Alexey

In my talk I will discuss an example of the weak / strong coupling duality, i.e. equivalence seemingly distinct quantum field theories, so that the strong coupling regime of one theory describes the weak coupling regime of the other, and vice versa. In my example, these are two-dimensional sigma models and boson field theories with exponential interaction. Both theories are integrable. To explain the duality, I will construct a W-algebra commuting with a set of screening operators on one side and solve the Ricci flow equation with given ultraviolet asymptotic boundary conditions.
The report is based joint work with Fateev and Spodyneiko.

Deautonomization of cluster integrable systems

11 January in 11:30

M. Bershtein

Cluster integrable systems have a combinatorial definition in terms of counting dimer configurations on a bipartite graph on a torus. They have a large group of discrete symmetries preserving the Hamiltonian. After deautonomization, the Hamiltonians depend on time, integrability disappears, and discrete symmetry leads to remarkable difference equations, such as the Painleve equations. These equations are solved using the partition functions of five-dimensional supersymmetric theories. The talk is based on joint work with P. Gavrilenko and A. Marshakov.

Elektronnye svoistva neuporyadochenogo grafena

28 December 2018 in 11:30

Pavel Ostrovskii

Doklad po predstavlyaemoi k zashchite doktorskoi dissertatsii.